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SAU48 New Methods in Research  

for SAU48 In-Service teachers
Last Updated: Jul 1, 2015 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

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1. Think Before You Search

Define the task before you start searching.

I've also included links to sites with creative commons media.

  • Simple Version
    If this page of links seems overwhelming, use these instead.
  • NoodleTools
    Use NoodleTools to manage projects: research questions, thesis statement, to-do list, notecards, bibliography.
  • Flickr Creative Commons Image Search
    Find images under the Creative Commons.
    Attribution means:
    You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work - and derivative works based upon it - but only if they give you credit.
  • Google Advanced Image Search
    Choose "labeled for reuse."
  • Wikimedia Commons
    Wikimedia Commons is a media file repository making available public domain and freely-licensed educational media content (images, sound and video clips) to everyone.

2. Look Beyond Google

Many of us have come to rely on Google a bit too much. Encourage students to use other search tools. 

3. Start Broad

Uncertainty and uneasiness is natural at the beginning of a search process. You would not be "searching" if you already had all of the answers.

Research is a process that requires concentration, time, and thought.

  • Is Google Making Us Stupid?
    Article in The Atlantic magazine by Nicholas Carr. See also his book The Shallows.
  • The Big 6
    The Big 6 (Super 3 for K-2)- teaches students to systematically find, use, apply, and evaluate information.
  • Ergo
    Another research method for students. This step-by-step guide shows you how to break down research tasks into manageable parts, and find good quality relevant information to make your assignments the best they can be.

4. Narrow Results

Narrow, broaden, or find related terms. Begin using more advanced search methods at this step. 

5. Dig Deep

Often Wikipedia is at the top of the search results list. Teach students to look beyond the initial results.

6. Evaluate Resources

With any resource (including books)- ask who created it, when did they create it, and why did they create it? Does it meet MY needs? We teach freshmen to use the CRAAP test. 

  • CRAAP Test
    currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, purpose
  • Web Site Evaluation Tools
    Links to several different web site evaluation tools and resources.
  • CARRDSS Test
    credibility, accuracy, reliability, relevance, date, sources, scope
  • The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly
    See why information quality is an issue on the web, especially for academic research. Learn how to avoid time wasting on Internet searching, scams and hoaxes.

7. Find Primary Sources

Primary source material is first-hand information that has been created by people who witnessed the events they've recorded.

  • Teaching With Documents
    From the National Archives- these lesson plans, worksheets, and other tools help teachers to utilize primary sources.
  • Primary Source Sets
    From the Library of Congress- a collection of letters, photographs, sound files, and newspaper articles documenting our nation's history.
  • The Perseus Digital Library
    From Tufts University- a collection of primary sources from Ancient Greek and Roman to 19th Century American.
  • EBSCO for Primary Sources  
    1. Login
    2. Select either "Kids Search" or "Student Research Center"
    3. Filter Results by "Primary Source Documents"

8. Cite Sources

Begin citing sources when you read the first link, article, essay, etc. Using NoodleBib will help to keep you organized.

  • Cite Sources Grades1-6
    From Nauset Public Schools- a grade by grade description of how students can cite a source.
  • NoodleTools
    Use NoodleTools to create a bibliography or works cited.

9. Utilize PRHS Library Databases

Start with pre-evaluated resources like these and save time.

10. Google Docs

Keep your work in the cloud. 

Teach proper formatting to your students. We use MLA. 

PRHS Library Hours: Mon-Thurs, 7 AM - 6 PM, Fri 7 AM - 5 PM
Plymouth, NH 03264

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